What is Anesthesia and Reanimation?

The unit in hospitals and other health institutions that is responsible for checking the patient’s values such as blood pressure, pulse and breathing from pre-operative to post-operative is called anesthesia and reanimation.

The reanimation branch of this unit, better known simply as “anesthesia”, basically means bringing the patient back to life. Reanimation is a process performed to make the stopped respiratory or circulatory system functional and alive again. This procedure is important to prevent complications before, during or after surgery and to protect the health of the patient. The anesthesia and reanimation unit is of great importance, especially in terms of eliminating such possible problems that may arise during surgery.

As mentioned above, the anesthesia and reanimation unit is involved in every stage of the surgery process. Below, the scope of duty of this unit is explained in detail:

  • Before the surgery takes place, the patient and his/her relatives are informed and prepared about the anesthesia procedure. Meanwhile, the patient is informed about possible complications that may develop and anesthesia options that can be applied.
  • Appropriate anesthesia is given to the patient who is transported to the operating room, and the patient is put to sleep using various anesthesia methods to minimize the pain during the surgery. During this time, medications are used in the dosage determined by the anesthesiologist.
  • The anesthesia and reanimation unit also assists physicians in placing the patient in the appropriate posture during surgery.
  • It ensures that the patient’s vascular and airways are open during the surgery.
  • During the surgery, while other physicians handle the surgical procedures, the anesthesia and reanimation unit checks the patient’s vital functions such as pulse and blood pressure.
  • It prevents the patient’s blood, heat and fluid loss during surgery.
  • The anesthesia and reanimation unit monitors and records the patient’s physiological values from the beginning to the end of anesthesia.
  • At the end of the surgery, she is responsible for terminating anesthesia and directing the patient to her room.
  • She evaluates the awakened patients in terms of heart, respiration, consciousness and possible complications.
  • In cases of cardiac and respiratory arrest, she provides medical intervention to the patient by inserting a breathing tube.
  • The anesthesia and reanimation unit is important in the follow-up and treatment of severe and critical patients in the intensive care unit.
  • Apart from all these, the anesthesia and reanimation unit works in cooperation with the relevant doctors when necessary.

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