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Case Presentation: Age 78, severe aortic stenosis, cardiac left ventricular ejection fraction (cardiac pumping capacity) is 35%, TAVI (biological aortic valve replacement through inguen) has been performed. Patient’s complaints continued and after 1 month, valve leak is observed (paravalvular leak) and TAVI (2nd implantation) operation is renewed.
RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery)
Urinary system stone disease is a quite common health problem that affects 2-3% of people and causes serious problems if not treated. It occurs more frequently in hot and arid climate zones, is associated with genetic factors and nutrition; our country is one of the countries where the incidence of stone is relatively high.
It is proven that valve repair is the best method for Mitral Valve Insufficiency. Whether it is rheumatic or degenerative, mitral valve has to be repaired if it is possible. Long-term clinical studies show that the healthiest and the most effective method with less complication is the “Repair” method.
In the last decade of the 20th century, the human population will increase by 1 billion, but in the next 25 years it will approach 2 billion. A person born in 1920 shared this world with 1.5 billion people and now shares it with 6 billion people. In our lives, a rapidly aging population (> 65 years old) and very old (> 85) populations are formed. As the elderly population triples, a 20-35% decline in the number of children is foreseen.